Temporomandibular Joint radiography (TMJ)
Temporal and mandibular joint radiographs are used in cases such as condylar examination, condylar neck, joint space in open and closed mouth, condylar mobility, pain or joint sound (best diagnostic radiography for initial evaluation of condyles). Today, TMJ problems are present in more than 60% of varying severity.
After clinical examination, open and closed TMJ radiography is a suitable method to evaluate the condyles and their mobility during opening of the mouth. However, CBCT is recommended to assess minor bone changes, and MRI to evaluate soft tissue and disc components.